organisation des nations unies filiales

Celles-ci peuvent déboucher, par exemple, sur l'autorisation d'employer une force armée – les « Casques bleus » – pour maintenir ou rétablir la paix. Les institutions ​ spécialisées de l'ONU sont des organisations internationales qui coordonnent leur travail avec les Nations Unies par le biais d'accords négociés. [194] The peacekeeping budget for the 2015–16 fiscal year was $8.27 billion, supporting 82,318 troops deployed in 15 missions around the world. ), créée par le traité de Versailles en 1919 et disso Selon le barème 2013-2015[35], les principaux contributeurs sont : les États-Unis (22 %), le Japon (10,833 %), la France (8,593 %), l'Allemagne (7,1741 %), le Royaume-Uni (5,179 %), la république populaire de Chine (5,148 %), l'Italie (4,448 %), le Canada (2,984 %), l'Espagne (2,973 %) et le Brésil (2,934 %). ORGANISATION DES NATIONS UNIES LTD. Company Number: 10860267 ORGANISATION DES NATIONS UNIES LTD (the "Company") is a Private Limited Company, incorporated on 11 July 2017 (Tuesday) in UK. [99] The first session convened 10 January 1946 in the Methodist Central Hall in London and included representatives of 51 nations. Representatives from the United States and the United Kingdom met first with those from the Soviet Union and, in the following week, with representatives from the Republic of China. [115] La Charte des Nations unies est adoptée le 26 juin 1945 par 51 États, en remplacement de la Société des Nations. [157], In 1979, the General Assembly adopted the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, followed by the Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1989. Ce sommet permet de préparer l'Agenda pour la paix, publié le 17 juin 1992 : il s'agit d'un plan présentant la diplomatie préventive, de rétablissement et de maintien de la paix de l'ONU rénovée. ONU Organisation des Nations Unies PEU Propriétaire effectif ultime (dans le cas des filiales étrangères) SCN Système de comptabilité nationale 1993 SIFMI Services d’intermédiation financière mesurés indirectement. He suggested it as an alternative to "Associated Powers", which the U.S. used in World War I (the U.S. was never formally a member of the Allies of World War I but entered the war in 1917 as a self-styled "Associated Power"). Poland had not been represented among the fifty nations at the San Francisco conference due to the reluctance of the Western superpowers to recognize its post-war communist government. Son siège est à Nairobi au Kenya. Pour les accomplir, elle promeut la protection des droits de l'homme, la fourniture de l'aide humanitaire, le développement durable et la garantie du droit international et dispose de pouvoirs spécifiques tels que l'établissement de sanctions internationales et l'intervention militaire. [224] Today Model United Nations educates tens of thousands on United Nations activity around the world. On 10 January 1920, the League of Nations formally came into being when the Covenant of the League of Nations, ratified by 42 nations in 1919, took effect. D’autre part, elle ne s’intéresse à aucune information bancaire. [28][29][30] It took the conference at Yalta, plus further negotiations with Moscow, before all the issues were resolved. [137], A study by the RAND Corporation in 2005 found the UN to be successful in two out of three peacekeeping efforts. However, the Charter was later amended to list Poland as a founding member, and Poland ratified the Charter on 16 October 1945. Fondée le 24 octobre 1945, l'Organisation des Nations unies (O.N.U.) In September 1943, 81 percent of Americans - up from 63 percent in February - supported joining a "union of nations" after the war. During the war, "the United Nations" became the official term for the Allies. Les antagonismes entre les États-Unis et l'URSS verrouillent son action[11]. Seuls l'anglais et le français sont les langues de travail. [84], Four of the five principal organs are located at the main UN Headquarters in New York City. ", "Welcome to the United Nations Office at Nairobi", "General Assembly of the United Nations – Rules of Procedure", "Jerusalem Court: No Immunity for UN Employee for Private Acts—Diplomatic/Consular Law and Sovereign Immunity in Israel", "General Assembly of the United Nations: Rules of Procedure: XII – Plenary Meetings", "Current Members | United Nations Security Council", "The UN System, Chief Executives Board for Coordination", "What are UN specialized agencies, and how many are there? It incorporated Soviet suggestions but included no role for France. daccess-ods.un.org The basic principles that provide the framework for accountability at the United Nations are [76] Acting under United Nations Security Council Resolution 1973 in 2011, NATO countries intervened in the Libyan Civil War. At the subsequent meeting of the Inter-Allied Council in London on 24 September 1941, the eight governments in exile of countries under Axis occupation, together with the Soviet Union and representatives of the Free French Forces, unanimously adopted adherence to the common principles of policy set forth by Britain and United States. [51], With the spread of decolonization in the 1960s, the organization's membership saw an influx of newly independent nations. The smallest, United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan (UNMOGIP), included 42 uniformed personnel responsible for monitoring the ceasefire in Jammu and Kashmir. This is broadly based on the relative capacity of each country to pay, as measured by its gross national income (GNI), with adjustments for external debt and low per capita income. In 1960 alone, 17 new states joined the UN, 16 of them from Africa. They were initially formed separately from the UN through the Bretton Woods Agreement in 1944. Finalement, ces cinq pays furent ceux considérés comme les vainqueurs de la Seconde Guerre mondiale : les États-Unis, la France, l'URSS (remplacée par la Russie en 1991), la Chine[Note 3] et le Royaume-Uni. [98], Draft resolutions can be forwarded to the General Assembly by its six main committees:[102]. Composed of all UN member states, the assembly meets in regular yearly sessions, but emergency sessions can also be called. D'autres agences sont situées ailleurs dans le monde, dont : Dans son ouvrage No Enchanted Palace. The League had a plan for Mussolini to just take a part of Ethiopia, but he ignored the League and invaded Ethiopia. Il a été inauguré le 9 janvier 1951. Lester B. Pearson, the Canadian Secretary of State for External Affairs, was awarded the prize in 1957 for his role in organizing the UN's first peacekeeping force to resolve the Suez Crisis. L'ONU a été officiellement fondée à San Francisco le 24 octobre 1945 avec la ratification de la Charte des Nations unies[8]. Roosevelt's envoy Wendell Willkie played a key role in promoting the idea of the United States joining the new organization, publishing One World (book) in April 1943. L’Organisation des Nations Unies est une organisation internationale fondée en 1945. It failed to act against the Japanese invasion of Manchuria as in February 1933. Organisation des Nations Unies CONFERENCE DE Organisation des Nations Unies CONFERENCE DE PRESSE DES NATIONS UNIES DU MERCREDI 9 NOVEMBRE 2016 Félix Prosper Basse : mesdames, mesdemoiselles et messieurs, membres de la presse, auditeurs de Radio Okapi, bonjour et bienvenue à ce rendez-vous hebdomadaire des Nations Unies. The invasion of Afghanistan in 2001 was overseen by NATO. If radical reform were not undertaken, warned Mohamed Sahnoun, then the UN would continue to respond to such crises with inept improvisation. Les contributions obligatoires ne sont pas toujours remplies à temps par les autres États membres. Depuis 2012 et l'adhésion du Soudan du Sud, l'ONU compte 193 États membres. [175], The World Health Organization (WHO), which focuses on international health issues and disease eradication, is another of the UN's largest agencies. [13] After Italy conquered Ethiopia, Italy and other nations left the league. - Ask DAG! Association des Vétérans des Essais Nucléaires est reconnue par l'ONU ,comme ONG La Belgique, la Grèce, le Luxembourg, la Norvège, les Pays-Bas, la Pologne, la Tchécoslovaquie, l'Union soviétique et la Yougoslavie. Alors que la Société des Nations n'était qu'un espace de dialogue où les diplomates pouvaient se rencontrer pour établir des consensus, l'ONU peut, avec le Conseil de sécurité, prendre des décisions concrètes. [103] The decisions of the council are known as United Nations Security Council resolutions. [93][94] In practice, the ICSC takes reference to the highest-paying national civil service. L'objectif principal de l'ONU est de maintenir la paix entre les nations ainsi que la sécurité mondiale. Le siège des Nations unies est à New York et bénéficie du régime d'extraterritorialité. Regulation of armaments was included in the writing of the UN Charter in 1945 and was envisioned as a way of limiting the use of human and economic resources for their creation. Organisation du secrétariat du Programme des Nations Unies pour l’environnement. Cinq des six organes principaux de l'ONU sont situés à New York : seule la Cour internationale de justice (CIJ) siège à La Haye aux Pays-Bas. The UN, after approval by the Security Council, sends peacekeepers to regions where armed conflict has recently ceased or paused to enforce the terms of peace agreements and to discourage combatants from resuming hostilities. But all of them realized that it had failed and they began to re-arm as fast as possible. Two Secretaries-General, Dag Hammarskjöld, and Kofi Annan, were each awarded the prize (in 1961 and 2001, respectively), as were Ralph Bunche (1950), a UN negotiator, René Cassin (1968), a contributor to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and the US Secretary of State Cordell Hull (1945), the latter for his role in the organization's founding. When war broke out in 1939, the League closed down and its headquarters in Geneva, which remained empty throughout the war. L’Organisation des Nations Unies œuvre pour le bien de toutes et tous – en faveur de la paix, du développement durable, de la justice et des droits humains ». [81] On 1 January 2017, Portuguese diplomat António Guterres, who previously served as UN High Commissioner for Refugees, became the ninth Secretary-General. La Charte des Nations unies est adoptée le 26 juin 1945 par 51 États, en remplacement de la Société des Nations. Organisation des Nations Unies Contacts: MONUSCO: Florence Marchal, Porte -parole marchalf@un.org tél. [104], The Security Council is made up of fifteen member states, consisting of five permanent members—China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States—and ten non-permanent members elected for two-year terms by the General Assembly (with end of term date)—Belgium (term ends 2020), Dominican Republic (2020), Estonia (2021), Germany (2020), Indonesia (2020), Niger (2021), Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (2021), South Africa (2020), Tunisia (2021), and Vietnam (2021). In many cases, member states have shown reluctance to achieve or enforce Security Council resolutions. Enfin, elle compte 5 organisations apparentées[26] : L'ensemble forme le système des Nations unies. Les 193 États membres y sont représentés par un ambassadeur permanent auprès de l'ONU. Le financement de l'Organisation des Nations unies et de ses agences spécialisées est assuré par 3 types d'instruments[28] : Le budget ordinaire des Nations unies (environ 5 milliards d'euros en 2013-2014[29]), est établi tous les deux ans, sur les contributions obligatoires fixées par l'Assemblée générale. The UN as a whole was awarded the prize in 2001, sharing it with Annan. [48] While traveling to meet rebel leader Moise Tshombe during the conflict, Dag Hammarskjöld, often named as one of the UN's most effective Secretaries-General,[49] died in a plane crash; months later he was posthumously awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. 312–29. The UN budget for 2020 was $3.1 billion,[190] but additional resources are donated by members, such as peacekeeping forces. Le 17 décembre 1996, Kofi Annan est élu secrétaire général par l'Assemblée générale. The UN mission to Bosnia faced "worldwide ridicule" for its indecisive and confused mission in the face of ethnic cleansing. Avant l'ONU, d'autres organisations internationales ont œuvré pour la paix dans le monde. L'objectif principal de l'ONU est de maintenir la paix entre les nations ainsi que la sécurité mondiale. Le Secrétaire général de l’ONU, António Guterres, a lancé la commémoration du 75e anniversaire de l’Organisation à l’occasion de la Journée des Nations Unies 2019. Les solutions pour ORGANISATION DES NATIONS UNIES de mots fléchés et mots croisés. The ten temporary seats are held for two-year terms, with five member states per year voted in by the General Assembly on a regional basis. Néanmoins, l'ONU est restée pendant très longtemps paralysée durant la guerre froide. Celui-ci a été ces dernières années mis à mal par le scandale du programme « pétrole contre nourriture » de l'ONU en Irak et lorsqu'une enquête interne a découvert des pratiques contestables dans le secteur du maintien de la paix, ayant occasionné des dizaines de millions de dollars de pertes pour l'Organisation. Thus, there is a "ceiling" rate, setting the maximum amount that any member can be assessed for the regular budget. [193], A large share of the UN's expenditure addresses its core mission of peace and security, and this budget is assessed separately from the main organizational budget. The six official languages of the UN, used in intergovernmental meetings and documents, are Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, and Spanish. [133] With the adoption of the New International Economic Order by developing countries in the 1970s, the work of the G77 spread throughout the UN system. ", "Syria: Chemical weapons team faces many dangers, says UN chief Ban", "UN failed during final days of Lankan ethnic war: Ban Ki-moon", "UN summit agenda; The largest gathering of world leaders in history meets in New York to discuss the role of the United Nations in the 21st century", "Communicating to a global constituency: UN Day in Paris", "Can U.N. regain trust with an experiment in transparency? [118][119] Owing to its broad mandate of co-ordinating many agencies, ECOSOC has at times been criticized as unfocused or irrelevant. The drafting of the Charter of the United Nations was completing over the following two months; it was signed on 26 June 1945 by the representatives of the 50 countries. Pour tenter de contrer cette paralysie, la résolution Acheson fut adoptée à l'initiative des États-Unis ; elle permettait à l'Assemblée d'émettre des recommandations aux États membres de l'ONU. Depuis l'adhésion du Monténégro en 2006 et de la République du Soudan du Sud en 2011, l'ONU compte désormais la quasi-totalité des États du monde, soit 193 sur les 197 qu'elle reconnaît – les quatre États reconnus mais non membres étant la Palestine (depuis le 29 novembre 2012) et le Vatican (à travers le Saint-Siège) qui ont un statut d'observateur, ainsi que les îles Cook et Nioué[Note 4]. Elle réunit des États pour prévenir les conflits armés et se préserver des violences de la Première et la Seconde Guerres mondiales qui « deux fois en l'espace d'une vie humaine ont infligé à l'humanité d'indicibles souffrances »[9]. Each member country has one vote. [191], The Assembly has established the principle that the UN should not be unduly dependent on any one member to finance its operations. L'ONU est très souvent critiquée pour son inaction, certains conflits se produisant sans aucune intervention de sa part. C'est-à-dire que, par exemple, aucun membre de la sécurité américaine ne peut y entrer sans la permission du Secrétaire général. [124], The separately-administered funds and programmes, research and training institutes, and other subsidiary bodies are autonomous subsidiary organs of the United Nations. Les six langues officielles servent également à la diffusion de documents officiels. Le 1er février, le Norvégien Trygve Lie devient le premier Secrétaire général des Nations unies. Drapeaux des pays et informations sur les pays membres de l'Organisation des Nations unies. [41] Two notable exceptions were a Security Council resolution on 7 July 1950 authorizing a US-led coalition to repel the North Korean invasion of South Korea, passed in the absence of the USSR,[36][42] and the signing of the Korean Armistice Agreement on 27 July 1953. [196][197], In evaluating the UN as a whole, Jacques Fomerand writes that the "accomplishments of the United Nations in the last 60 years are impressive in their own terms. The Assembly may make recommendations on any matters within the scope of the UN, except matters of peace and security that are under consideration by the Security Council. Sous l'influence du Rapport sur les limites de la croissance et à l'issue de la Conférence des Nations unies sur l'environnement de Stockholm en juin 1972, l'Assemblée générale vote la création du Programme des Nations unies pour l'environnement (PNUE). Organisation des nations unies et ses institutions spécialisées:. En 2010, lorsqu'un séisme provoqua un désastre humanitaire à Haïti, l'ONU s'est montrée incapable de coordonner l'aide rapidement, c'est finalement l'armée américaine qui jouera un rôle clé. En tout, entre 1960 et 1970, 46 nouveaux États-membres rejoignent l'organisation. The UN officially came into existence on 24 October 1945, upon ratification of the Charter by the five permanent members of the Security Council—the US, the UK, France, the Soviet Union and the Republic of China—and by a majority of the other 46 signatories. The UN's chief administrative officer is the Secretary-General, currently Portuguese politician and diplomat António Guterres, who began his five year-term on 1 January 2017. One major change from the Atlantic Charter was the addition of a provision for religious freedom, which Stalin approved after Roosevelt insisted. In 1980, the agency announced that the eradication of smallpox had been completed. générale 14 mars 2019 Français Original : anglais V.19-01475 (F) 010419 020419 1901475 Pour des raisons d’économie, le présent document n’a pas été imprimé. The UN mission (1999-2006) in the Sierra Leone Civil War was supplemented by a British military intervention. Fondée le 24 octobre 1945, l'Organisation des Nations unies (O.N.U.) [98] The assembly is led by a president, elected from among the member states on a rotating regional basis, and 21 vice-presidents. Tant que les documents ne sont pas disponibles dans les six langues officielles, ils ne sont pas publiés. Elle succède à la Société des Nations (S.D.N. [72] In 2003, the United States invaded Iraq despite failing to pass a UN Security Council resolution for authorization, prompting a new round of questioning of the organization's effectiveness.[73]. The Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) assists the General Assembly in promoting international economic and social co-operation and development. The International Court of Justice (ICJ), located in The Hague, in the Netherlands, is the primary judicial organ of the UN. En 1983, le Secrétariat général mandate une Commission mondiale sur l’environnement et le développement, présidée par l'ancienne première ministre norvégienne Gro Harlem Brundtland[24]. [199] The British historian Paul Kennedy states that while the organization has suffered some major setbacks, "when all its aspects are considered, the UN has brought great benefits to our generation and ... will bring benefits to our children's and grandchildren's generations as well. It also carries out tasks as directed by the Security Council, the General Assembly, the Economic and Social Council, and other UN bodies. [176] The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), begun in 1996, co-ordinates the organization's response to the AIDS epidemic. […] En attendant l'institution d'un système permanent de sécurité générale établi sur des bases plus larges, il est essentiel de désarmer ces nations »[4]. Avant l'ONU, d'autres organisations internationales ont œuvré pour la paix dans le monde. [155] The Declaration serves as a "common standard of achievement for all peoples and all nations" rather than a legally binding document, but it has become the basis of two binding treaties, the 1966 International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. The End of Empire and the Ideological Origins of United Nations, l'historien anglais Mark Mazower soutient que les Nations Unies, comme la Société des Nations avant elle, ne sont pas sorties d'une vision libérale immaculée des droits universels, mais sont plutôt une manifestation de « l'internationalisme impérial » de l'époque victorienne, une extension organisationnelle et idéologique de l'Empire britannique. During the 1990s, the US withheld dues citing inefficiency and only started repayment on the condition that a major reforms initiative be introduced. [178], Along with the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, the UN often takes a leading role in co-ordinating emergency relief. Si besoin, utilisez un feuillet séparé. Sous son mandat, les États-membres adoptent les objectifs du millénaire pour le développement et les statuts de la Cour pénale internationale. This is the official Web Site of the United Nations Office at Geneva. An independent inquiry created by the UN found that many of its officials had been involved, as well as raising "significant" questions about the role of Kojo Annan, the son of Kofi Annan. Le siège des Nations unies est à New York et bénéficie du régime d'extraterritorialité. La pandémie de Covid-19 a renforcé la menace terroriste dans les zones de conflit mais a réduit cette menace dans les zones sans conflit en raison des mesures de confinement prises pour lutter contre la pandémie, a expliqué lundi au Conseil de sécurité le chef du Bureau des Nations Unies de la lutte contre le terrorisme, Vladimir Voronkov. ETAT DES TRAVAUX PIERRE GERBET. [118][120], ECOSOC's subsidiary bodies include the United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues, which advises UN agencies on issues relating to indigenous peoples; the United Nations Forum on Forests, which coordinates and promotes sustainable forest management; the United Nations Statistical Commission, which co-ordinates information-gathering efforts between agencies; and the Commission on Sustainable Development, which co-ordinates efforts between UN agencies and NGOs working towards sustainable development. [223], The United Nations has inspired the extracurricular activity Model United Nations (MUN). Le protocole de Kyoto est adopté à la COP3, en 1997, et l'accord de Paris sur le climat est adopté à la COP21, en 2015. Durant son mandat, le secrétaire général Kofi Annan a commandé de nombreuses études sur les voies à suivre pour réformer l'organisation. Le site du siège des Nations unies à New York, par exemple, est un don de la fondation, L'Organisation apparaît brièvement dans le film, Des références à l'ONU apparaissent dans la saga. Viewed as separate from the specialized bodies it co-ordinates, ECOSOC's functions include information gathering, advising member nations, and making recommendations. La décennie des années 1990 est marquée par la fin de la guerre froide et l'éclatement du bloc de l'Est : 30 nouveaux États membres intègrent l'organisation. L’Organisation des Nations Unies – l’ONU, voit le jour le 25 octobre 1945 lors de la ratification de la Charte des Nations Unies et à partir de ce jour elle remplace la Société des Nations. [159] The United Nations Commission on Human Rights was formed in 1993 to oversee human rights issues for the UN, following the recommendation of that year's World Conference on Human Rights. Activités des composantes de la MONUSCO … Ainsi contrairement à la dénomination Nations unies, c'est le statut d’État majoritairement reconnu et non de Nation qui permet l'accès à l’ONU. [53] On 10 November 1975, a bloc comprising the USSR and Third World nations passed a resolution, over the strenuous US and Israeli opposition, declaring Zionism to be racism; the resolution was repealed on 16 December 1991, shortly after the end of the Cold War.[54][55]. [179][180] The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), established in 1950, works to protect the rights of refugees, asylum seekers, and stateless people. Jacques Fomerand, a scholar of the UN, describes this organization's mandate as "broad and vague", with only "meagre" resources to carry it out. Model United Nations has many famous and notable alumni, such as former Secretary-General of the United Nations Ban Ki-moon. [185] In 1988, the UNEP and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), another UN organization, established the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, which assesses and reports on research on global warming. ", "Charter of the United Nations: Chapter II", "What happened when Indonesia 'withdrew' from the United Nations", "The UN's Role in Nation Building: From the Congo to Iraq", "Aid workers in Liberia accused of sex abuse", "UN staff accused of raping children in Sudan", "U.N. sued for 'bringing cholera to Haiti,' causing outbreak that killed thousands", "Resolutions Adopted by the General Assembly During its First Session", "Frequently Asked Questions: Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples", "U.N. [58][59][60] The UN negotiated an end to the Salvadoran Civil War, launched a successful peacekeeping mission in Namibia, and oversaw democratic elections in post-apartheid South Africa and post-Khmer Rouge Cambodia. Pour les autres significations, voir, Barème des quote-part de contributions au budget ordinaire. The secretary-general is appointed by the General Assembly, after being recommended by the Security Council, where the permanent members have veto power. L'Organisation des Nations Unies. [85] The International Court of Justice is located in The Hague, while other major agencies are based in the UN offices at Geneva,[86] Vienna,[87] and Nairobi. [122] The specialized agencies are autonomous organizations working with the United Nations and each other through the co-ordinating machinery of the Economic and Social Council. Il existe six langues officielles utilisées par l'Organisation des Nations unies. La mission permanente des Samoa américaines à New York est l'un des 196 représentations étrangères à Organisation des Nations unies, et l'une des 322 représentations étrangères à New York. In 1976, the General Assembly established the Joint Inspection Unit to seek out inefficiencies within the UN system. La même année, la Palestine se voit octroyer le statut d'observateur. [209][210], Jacques Fomerand states the most enduring divide in views of the UN is "the North–South split" between richer Northern nations and developing Southern nations. "[198] Evaluating the first 50 years of the UN's history, the author Stanley Meisler writes that "the United Nations never fulfilled the hopes of its founders, but it accomplished a great deal nevertheless", citing its role in decolonization and its many successful peacekeeping efforts. In subsequent decades, WHO largely eradicated polio, river blindness, and leprosy. May resolve non-compulsory recommendations to states or suggestions to the Security Council (UNSC); Decides on the admission of new members, following proposal by the UNSC; Elects the non-permanent members of the UNSC; all members of ECOSOC; the. Il existe notamment une tradition américaine de fondations qui supportent l'activité des Nations unies. [134][135] The peacekeeping force as a whole received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1988. L'organisation internationale avait été dépassée à peine un mois auparavant lors de la Conférence de Copenhague sur les changements climatiques, les États-Unis et la Chine avaient alors conclu des accords seuls[40]. +243 81 890 31 78, mobile : +243 81 890 71 60 [195], Special UN programmes not included in the regular budget, such as UNICEF and the World Food Programme, are financed by voluntary contributions from member governments, corporations, and private individuals. Elle a été instituée le 24 octobre 1945 par la ratification de la Charte des Nations unies signée 26 juin 1945 par les représentants de 50 États. Elle entre officiellement en vigueur le 24 octobre 1945.

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